Article:

https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-019-1403-6

Instructions to Learners:
Work with your partner to co-author an essay in which you provide an analysis of the selected article, providing your qualified opinion on its merits and shortcomings. The essay must be at least 2 pages and no longer than 4 pages (approximately 500 words). The title page and reference page are not included in the page or word count.

Begin your paper by providing the following information at the beginning of your critique:

  • Name of author(s)
  • Title of article
  • Title of journal, volume number, and page numbers

Read the complete article once to get an overview of the paper’s purpose. Then, read it again, but this time with a critical eye. You may find it helpful to divide the different components of the paper amongst team members. For example, one person could focus their efforts on critically evaluating the Introduction and Methods sections, while the other team member focuses on the Results and Discussion. You need to work with your partner to come to an agreement as to how the research article will be evaluated. You then to work together to synthesize your analysis into a cohesive essay in which you address many of the following questions:

Purpose:

  • Does the author express a clear purpose for his/her scientific reasoning?
  • Is the objective of the experiment or of the observations made important for the field?

Statement of Problem:

  • State in your own words the question being pursued by the author?
  • How can you further subdivide the original question into smaller questions?

Assumptions:

  • What assumptions has the author made?
  • Are these assumptions justifiable? Why or why not?

Procedure:

  • Are there errors in the procedure outlined by the author?
  • What changes, if any, would you make to the experimental design?

Data:

  • To what degree is the data collected accurate, clear, and relevant to the question under study?

Results:

  • To what degree does the data generated support the claim(s) being made?
  • What scientific theories and concepts support the reasoning?

Conclusion:

  • What are the implications and consequences of this research?

Point of View:

  • What is the author’s point of view?
  • How is the point of view expressed by the author scientific?
  • From what other points of view could the investigation be done?

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